Penetration testing is a security evaluation executed exactly as a real attacker would. System vulnerabilities are discovered and exploits are launched trying to obtain unauthorized access. The objective is to inform the organization of the security issues that could result by not having the necessary security measures.
The main objective of the test is the identification of potential vulnerabilities in the systems and network structures. Utilising specialised tools to carry out a simulated attack, measuring the impact and scope that would result when undergoing a security breach directed towards the company.
In this way, the companies weaknesses and security gaps would be known, allowing security professionals to shield and strengthen the security layers implemented in its infrastructure.
This type of ethical hacking test is recommended to be carried out at least once a year so that this way you carry out continuous improvement in your information security.
The following are important types of penetration tests and types of penetration testing tools we employ:
The Penetration Tester must have full knowledge of the target to attack, so it is necessary that the IT Security administrator can share this information with the Tester. The administrator will have knowledge about the type of test to be carried out and when they will be carried out.
The Penetration Tester does not have any information about the target, simulating an external attacker to the organization, so the Tester would be in charge of carrying out the proper investigation by its own means, either by means of social engineering, scans of ports, vulnerability scans, etc. These tests can be performed from remote locations or even within the organisation’s offices.
The Pen Tester has a certain amount of objective information, so it is a combination of White and Black Box.
Planning and preparation begin with the definition of the goals and objectives of penetration tests. The client and the tester must jointly define the objectives so that both parties have the same objectives and understanding. The common objectives of the penetration tests are to
The reconnaissance includes an analysis of the preliminary information. Many times a tester does not have much information other than preliminary information, an IP address or IP address block. The tester starts by analyzing the available information and, if it is necessary, receives more information such as system descriptions, network plans, etc. from the client.
This step is a kind of passive penetration test the only objective is to obtain complete and detailed information of the systems.
Using the information obtained previously, possible attack vectors are searched. This stage involves the scanning of ports and services. Subsequently, the vulnerability scan is performed, which will define the attack vectors.
The objective of this stage is to obtain data referring to users, equipment names, and network services, among others. At this point of the audit, active connections are made to the system and queries are executed within it.
In this stage, access to the system is finally made. This task is achieved from the exploitation of those detected vulnerabilities that were used by the auditor to compromise the system.
After access to the system has been obtained, the way to preserve the compromised system available to whoever has attacked it is sought. The goal is to maintain access to the aforementioned system that lasts over time.
The result of a penetration test is a detailed report, which includes all the results of the security testing, as well as the countermeasures and recommendations necessary to protect your IT infrastructure.
If necessary, our team can also prepare a presentation of the results to your team.
The team at Davichi has all the penetration testing tools required to complete a full assessment of your security. Contact us today to safeguard your customer data, comply with legislation and protect your reputation.
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